History of "Motor City"
"Motor City" (Detroit) is the 11th most
populous city in America with 886,671 people. However
things were not always this way. Detroit first started
out as a port for French fur traders. In 1820 the
overall population was only around 1,200.
Detroit was founded by French officer Antoine de la Mothe
Cadillac in 1701, and originally given the name: "Fort
Pontchartrain du Détroit". It prospered as a fur trading
post, and was able to offer some protection to French
ships sailing the Great Lakes region.
In 1760 during the French and Indian war, the British
gained control of the settlement and shortened the
name to it's modern one of "Detroit". The Indians who
had formed friendly relations with the French settlers
became upset with the British and in 1763 launched a
series (under Chief Pontiac's leadership) of attack which
became known as Pontiac's Rebellion. Eventually the Indian's
lost against the British, and in 1796 Detroit passed into
the United States under the Jay Treaty. From 1805 to 1847,
Detroit was the capital of Michigan. Also since Detroit was located
along the Great Lakes waterway, it became a transportation hub
and grew steadily from the 1830s with the shipping.
A thriving carriage trade in 1896 prompted Henry Ford to
build his first automobile. And not too soon after Ford Motor
Company was able to mass-produce the new Model T automobile (1904).
With Ford making the new Model Ts, the Dodge brothers, Louis
Chevrolet, Detroit was undoubtably the world's automotive capital.
In the 1950s Detroit suffered a massive population decline, due
to many factors. Houses and buildings were abandoned and decayed
as a result. Events such as the 12th Street Riot, and
racial discrimination in general caused the above. However in 1973
Detroit elected it's first black mayor: Coleman Young. Young's
actions were not looked at kindly by many whites.